What Is Psychotherapy?
The European Association for Psychotherapy defines psychotherapy as “the practice of the comprehensive, conscious and planned treatment of psychosocial, psychosomatic and behavioural disturbances or states of suffering within scientific psychotherapeutic methods, through an interaction between one or more persons being treated, and one or more psychotherapists, with the aim of relieving disturbing attitudes to change, and to promote the maturation, development and health of the treated person.
It requires both a general and a specific training/education.
Furthermore, the independent practice of psychotherapy consists of autonomous, responsible enactment of the capacities already mentioned, independent of whether the activity is in free practice or institutional work”.
There are many ways of working or “modalities” in psychotherapy and counselling. Therapists may be trained in one approach or use techniques from different methods, if they think these would help a client.
These modalities are: Adlerian therapy, Art therapy, Behavioural Therapy, Brief therapy, Coaching, Cognitive analytic Therapy (CAT), Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Eclectic counselling, Emotional focused therapy, Existential therapy, Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR), Family therapy, Gestalt therapy, Humanistic therapy, Jungian therapy, Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), Person-centred therapy, Phenomenological therapy, Play therapy, Primal therapy, Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Psychosynthesis, Relationship therapy, Solution-focused brief therapy, Systemic therapies, Transactional analysis and Transpersonal therapy.
The main modality that I follow is that of PERSON-CENTRED PSYCHOTHERAPY that was developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987).